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Glossary for Hearing

A

  • Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (AGBAD)

    The Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (AGBAD) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to supporting individuals with hearing loss and promoting effective communication methods, such as spoken language and listening skills.

  • American Association of Deaf-Blind (AADB)

    The American Association of Deaf-Blind (AADB) is a national organization that advocates for the rights and services of individuals who are both deaf and blind.

  • American Athletic Association of the Deaf (AAAD)

    The American Athletic Association of the Deaf (AAAD) is an organization that promotes and supports athletic opportunities and competitions for deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals in the United States.

  • American Deafness and Rehabilitation Association (ADARA)

    The American Deafness and Rehabilitation Association (ADARA) is a professional organization dedicated to promoting and supporting services, research, and advocacy for the deaf and hard-of-hearing community.

  • American Sign Language (ASL)

    American Sign Language (ASL) is a complete, natural language that serves as the primary means of communication for deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals in the United States and parts of Canada.

  • American Sign Language Teachers Association (ASLTA)

    The American Sign Language Teachers Association (ASLTA) is a professional organization dedicated to promoting and supporting the teaching of American Sign Language and Deaf culture.

  • American Society for Deaf Children (ASDC)

    The American Society for Deaf Children (ASDC) is a non-profit organization that supports and advocates for the educational, social, and communication needs of deaf and hard-of-hearing children and their families.

  • American Speech Language Hearing Association (ASHA)

    The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) is a professional organization for speech-language pathologists, audiologists, and speech, language, and hearing scientists, dedicated to advancing research, education, and clinical practice in these fields.

  • American Speech, Language and Hearing Association (ASLHA)

    The American Speech, Language and Hearing Association (ASHA) is a professional organization dedicated to the research, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of communication disorders, as well as advocating for the rights and welfare of individuals with speech, language, and hearing disabilities.

  • American Tinnitus Association (ATA)

    The American Tinnitus Association (ATA) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to research, advocacy, education, and support for individuals affected by tinnitus, a persistent ringing or buzzing in the ears.

  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places open to the general public.

  • Assistive Communication Technology (ACT)

    Assistive Communication Technology (ACT) refers to devices, systems, and tools that aid individuals with communication impairments in expressing and understanding verbal or nonverbal language.

  • Assistive Device Demonstration Center (ADDC)

    The Assistive Device Demonstration Center (ADDC) is a facility that showcases various assistive technologies and devices designed to aid individuals with disabilities in their daily lives.

  • Assistive Listening Device (ALD)

    An Assistive Listening Device (ALD) is a technology designed to improve hearing ability by amplifying sound for individuals with hearing impairments, often used in conjunction with hearing aids or cochlear implants.

  • Assistive Listening System (ALS)

    An Assistive Listening System (ALS) is a technology designed to improve sound quality and accessibility for individuals with hearing impairments, often used in public spaces and events.

  • Assistive Technology (AT)

    Assistive Technology (AT) refers to devices, software, or equipment designed to help individuals with disabilities perform tasks more easily and independently.

  • Association of Late Deafened Adults (ALDA)

    The Association of Late Deafened Adults (ALDA) is an organization that supports and advocates for individuals who have lost their hearing later in life.

  • Association of Visual Language Interpreters of Canada (AVLIC)

    The Association of Visual Language Interpreters of Canada (AVLIC) is a professional organization representing sign language interpreters in Canada.

  • Auditory Brainstem Implant (ABI)

    An Auditory Brainstem Implant (ABI) is a surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound to individuals with severe hearing loss or deafness by directly stimulating the auditory nerve pathways in the brainstem.

  • Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR)

    Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) is a neurophysiological test that measures the electrical activity generated by the auditory nerve and brainstem in response to sound stimuli.

  • Auditory Integrated Training (AIT)

    Auditory Integrated Training (AIT) is a therapeutic approach designed to improve auditory processing and sensory integration through the use of filtered and modulated music or sounds.

  • Auditory Neuropathy (AN)

    Auditory Neuropathy (AN) is a hearing disorder characterized by disrupted neural transmission of sound signals from the inner ear to the brain, resulting in difficulty understanding speech and perceiving sounds.

  • Auditory Verbal Therapy (AVT)

    Auditory Verbal Therapy (AVT) is a specialized approach that focuses on developing a child’s listening and spoken language skills through the use of hearing technology and individualized therapy sessions.

  • Automatic Gain Control (AGC)

    Automatic Gain Control (AGC) is a technique used in electronic devices to automatically adjust the input signal’s amplitude, maintaining a consistent output level and preventing distortion or signal loss.

B

  • Behind The Ear (hearing aid) (BTE)

    A Behind The Ear (BTE) hearing aid is a type of hearing device designed to sit comfortably behind the ear, with a small tube connecting to an earpiece that fits inside the ear canal.

  • Binaural Contralateral Routing Of Signal (BICROS)

    Binaural Contralateral Routing of Signal (BICROS) is a hearing aid system designed to transmit sound from one ear to the other, typically used when one ear has unaidable hearing loss and the other has normal or near-normal hearing.

  • Black Deaf Advocates (BDA)

    Black Deaf Advocates (BDA) is an organization that supports and advocates for the rights, inclusion, and empowerment of Black Deaf and hard of hearing individuals.

  • Bone Anchored Hearing Aid (BAHA)

    A Bone Anchored Hearing Aid (BAHA) is a type of hearing device that transmits sound vibrations directly to the inner ear through the skull, bypassing the outer and middle ear, to improve hearing for individuals with conductive or mixed hearing loss.

  • Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response (BAER)

    Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response (BAER) is a diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity of the auditory nerve and brainstem in response to sound stimuli.

  • British Sign Language (BSL)

    British Sign Language (BSL) is a visual-gestural language used by the deaf community in the United Kingdom, involving handshapes, facial expressions, and body movements to convey meaning.

C

  • Canadian Hard of Hearing Association (CHHA)

    The Canadian Hard of Hearing Association (CHHA) is a non-profit organization that advocates for and supports individuals with hearing loss in Canada.

  • Canadian Hearing Society (CHS)

    The Canadian Hearing Society (CHS) is a non-profit organization that provides services, products, and information to improve communication and accessibility for individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing in Canada.

  • Captioned Telephone Service (CTS)

    Captioned Telephone Service (CTS) is a communication service that provides real-time text captions of phone conversations for individuals with hearing impairments.

  • Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD)

    Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD) is a neurological condition that affects the brain’s ability to process and interpret auditory information, leading to difficulties in understanding speech and other sounds.

  • Certified Deaf Interpreter (CDI)

    A Certified Deaf Interpreter (CDI) is a professional interpreter who is deaf or hard of hearing and has specialized training in facilitating communication between deaf individuals and hearing individuals who may not share the same sign language or communication methods.

  • Certified Interpreter (CI)

    A Certified Interpreter (CI) is a professional who has successfully completed a recognized certification program, demonstrating their proficiency in interpreting between two or more languages.

  • Certified Transliterator (CT)

    A Certified Transliterator (CT) is a professional who has obtained a certification in converting spoken or written content from one language to another, ensuring accuracy and cultural relevance.

  • Child of Deaf Adult (CODA)

    A Child of Deaf Adult (CODA) is an individual who has grown up with one or both parents being deaf or hard of hearing.

  • CI Hear – The best online Support Group for CI Information (CIH)

    CI Hear (CIH) is a top online support group dedicated to providing comprehensive information and resources related to cochlear implants.

  • Closed Captioned (CC)

    Closed Captioned (CC) refers to the textual display of a video’s audio content, typically used to assist deaf or hard-of-hearing viewers.

  • Cochlear Implant (CI)

    A cochlear implant (CI) is a surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound to a person with severe to profound hearing loss.

  • Cochlear Implant Club International (CICI)

    Cochlear Implant Club International (CICI) is an organization that supports and connects cochlear implant users, their families, and professionals worldwide.

  • Comfort and Threshold Levels for CI Mapping (High and Low) (C & T)

    C & T levels in CI Mapping refer to the comfort (high) and threshold (low) levels at which a cochlear implant user can perceive sound, aiding in the customization of their device for optimal hearing experience.

  • Communication Access Network (CAN)

    A Communication Access Network (CAN) is a telecommunications infrastructure that connects end users to communication services, such as internet, telephone, and television.

  • Communication Facilitator (CF)

    A Communication Facilitator (CF) is a professional who assists individuals with communication challenges by providing support, tools, and strategies to enhance their ability to effectively express and understand messages.

  • Communications Assistant (Relay) (CA)

    A Communications Assistant (Relay) (CA) is a professional who facilitates communication between individuals with hearing or speech impairments and others by relaying information through various communication methods, such as text, video, or sign language.

  • Community Center for the Deaf (CCD)

    A Community Center for the Deaf (CCD) is a facility that provides resources, services, and social opportunities specifically designed to support and empower deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals within a community.

  • Completely In the Canal (hearing aid) (CIC)

    A Completely In the Canal (CIC) hearing aid is a discreet, custom-fitted device that sits entirely inside the ear canal, providing improved sound quality and reduced visibility.

  • Comprehensive Skills Certificate (CSC)

    The Comprehensive Skills Certificate (CSC) is a certification that validates an individual’s proficiency in a wide range of skills within a specific field or industry.

  • Computer Aided Notetaking (CAN)

    Computer Aided Notetaking (CAN) is a method of using specialized software and hardware to create comprehensive, organized, and easily accessible digital notes during lectures, meetings, or presentations.

  • Computer Aided RealTime captioning (CART)

    Computer Aided Real-Time Captioning (CART) is a service that provides instantaneous transcription of spoken words into text, often used for accessibility purposes in live events, meetings, and classrooms for individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing.

  • Computer Axial Tomography (CAT)

    Computer Axial Tomography (CAT) is a diagnostic imaging technique that uses multiple X-ray images taken from different angles to create detailed cross-sectional views of the body’s internal structures.

  • Conceptually Accurate Signed English (CASE)

    Conceptually Accurate Signed English (CASE) is a signing system that combines elements of American Sign Language (ASL) and English, focusing on conveying English concepts while maintaining ASL grammar and structure.

  • Conference of Executives of Schools of the Deaf (CEASD)

    The Conference of Executives of Schools of the Deaf (CEASD) is a professional organization dedicated to promoting excellence in education and services for deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals.

  • Conference of Interpreter Trainers (CIT)

    The Conference of Interpreter Trainers (CIT) is a professional organization dedicated to promoting excellence in sign language interpreter education through collaboration, scholarship, and professional development opportunities.

  • Contact Sign (CS)

    Contact Sign (CS) is a form of sign language that combines elements of both American Sign Language (ASL) and English, often used in communication between deaf and hearing individuals.

  • Contralateral Routing Of Signal (CROS)

    Contralateral Routing of Signal (CROS) is a hearing aid technology designed to transmit sound from one side of the head to the opposite ear, typically used for individuals with single-sided deafness or unaidable hearing loss in one ear.

  • Convention of American Instructors of the Deaf (CAID)

    The Convention of American Instructors of the Deaf (CAID) is a professional organization dedicated to supporting and advocating for educators who work with deaf and hard-of-hearing students.

  • Council of Organizations Serving the Deaf (COSD)

    The Council of Organizations Serving the Deaf (COSD) is a collective body of organizations that work together to address the needs and advocate for the rights of deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals.

D

  • Deaf (D)

    Deaf (D) refers to a person who has a complete or partial inability to hear sounds, often requiring alternative forms of communication such as sign language.

  • Deaf Counseling Advocacy and Referral Agency (DCARA)

    Deaf Counseling Advocacy and Referral Agency (DCARA) is a non-profit organization that provides a range of services, including counseling, advocacy, and referrals, to support the well-being and empowerment of deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals and their families.

  • Deaf-Blind (DB)

    Deaf-Blind (DB) refers to individuals who have a combination of significant hearing and vision impairments, affecting their communication, access to information, and mobility.

  • Deaf/Hard of Hearing (DHH)

    Deaf/Hard of Hearing (DHH) refers to individuals with varying degrees of hearing loss, ranging from mild to profound, which can impact their ability to communicate and process auditory information.

  • Deaf/Hard-of-Hearing (D/HH)

    Deaf/Hard-of-Hearing (D/HH) refers to individuals with varying degrees of hearing loss, ranging from mild to profound, impacting their ability to perceive and process auditory information.

  • Deafblind Technical Assistance Program (DBTAP)

    The Deafblind Technical Assistance Program (DBTAP) is a support service that provides specialized resources, training, and guidance to individuals with combined hearing and vision loss, as well as their families and service providers.

  • decibel (dB)

    A decibel (dB) is a unit of measurement used to express the intensity of a sound or the power level of an electrical signal by comparing it with a given level on a logarithmic scale.

  • Described and Captioned Media Program (DCMP)

    The Described and Captioned Media Program (DCMP) is a federally funded initiative that provides accessible educational media, including captions and descriptions, for individuals with hearing or visual impairments.

  • Direct Audio Input (DAI)

    Direct Audio Input (DAI) is a feature in hearing aids and cochlear implants that allows for a direct connection to external audio sources, improving sound quality and reducing background noise.

T

  • Two Line Voice Carry Over (2LVCO)

    Two Line Voice Carry Over (2LVCO) is a telecommunication service that enables individuals with hearing or speech disabilities to use one line for speaking and another line for receiving typed text during a phone call.