An Auditory Brainstem Implant (ABI) is a surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound to individuals who are profoundly deaf or have severe hearing loss due to damage or absence of the cochlea. The device bypasses the damaged cochlea and directly stimulates the auditory nerve pathways in the brainstem. ABIs are typically used for patients who are not candidates for cochlear implants, such as those with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). The implant consists of an external microphone and speech processor, as well as an internal receiver and electrode array that are surgically placed on the brainstem.
Auditory Brainstem Implant can provide deaf colleagues with an alternative to cochlear implants, allowing them to perceive sounds and improve communication. This implant directly stimulates the auditory pathway, bypassing the cochlea, which can be beneficial for those with severe hearing loss. By understanding and supporting the use of Auditory Brainstem Implants, colleagues can create a more inclusive and accessible work environment for deaf individuals.